A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Physical Health of Young People on Child & Adolescent Mental Health Inpatient Units

What are we trying to do?

We are carrying out a systematic review, to assess the physical health and cardiometabolic risk factors of young people receiving treatment from specialist child and adolescent inpatient mental health units


The review aims to answer the following questions:


  • What is the physical health like of young people on child and adolescent mental health inpatient units?
  • What cardiometabolic risk factors are common in young people on child and adolescent mental health inpatient units?


Why is this important?

The physical health of people with serious mental illness is poor compared with the general population. This results in people in this group dying up to 25 years earlier compared to the general population. However, much of this research has been conducted with adults and it is unclear to what extent young people in child and adolescent mental health inpatient units have poor physical health. There have been several studies of physical health of adolescents and young people on mental health inpatient units, however, there has been no attempt to bring together this evidence into one review.   


How are we doing it?

We are carrying out a detailed search for any published studies that:


  • Include young people (under the age of 25) receiving treatment from specialised mental health inpatient services designed specifically for children, adolescents or young people.
  • Involve young people with any psychological disorder.
  • Report physical health measures, such as weight, height, BMI, blood pressure or behavioural risk factors for cardiometabolic disease such as exercise and physical activity, diet, smoking, alcohol.


We will analyse evidence from all the studies that meet our criteria and produce a paper that reports this evidence.


This has been registered on PROSPERO here


Who are we working with?



Downloadable resources:



More information

For further information about this work, please contact Alison Littlewood (Programme Manager).

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